A Time of Growth
The early years
of the twentieth century were a time of growth and
increasing prosperity for all of the towns in the Black
Country, including Darlaston. All kinds of industries
were performing well and expanding, and large factories
dominated the area. Jobs were available for everyone,
and as towns became more affluent, grand public
buildings appeared, as did areas of better housing for
the growing middle class, better schools and amenities,
improved public transport, and many local shopping
areas, selling everything from everyday commodities to
For a town of its size, Darlaston did very well in
this respect, with a large number of shops in the
central area extending around three quarters of a mile
from the northern end of Church Street, through King
Street, along High Street, and along Pinfold Street to
Catherine's Cross. There were also many small shops, and
corner shops throughout the town, but this article will
concentrate on the main shopping areas.
The wide variety of shops included bakers, butchers,
chemists, cycle dealers, drapers, dressmakers,
fishmongers, fruiterers, furniture dealers, grocers,
hatters, leather merchants, ladies outfitters,
milliners, newsagents, photographers, restaurants, shoe
and boot sellers, tailors, and tobacconists. Some
of the families who began trading around this time were there
for many decades, becoming household names, such as Underwoods in King Street, the place to go for quality
shoes, Kingstons in King Street, a long surviving high
class butchers, Stanburys in King Street, a well known
drapers, Bakers, also in King Street, for all kinds of ironmongery, Jowetts, the town's best known dealer for
fruit, vegetables and fresh fish, Masons newsagents, and Bob
Smith, a legend in his own time, and dealer in toys,
fancy goods, jewellery, hardware, and furniture. The
town centre was a busy, bustling place, with all of the
sights, noise, and smells, of a busy shopping centre.
I have made a list of the shops from that time, and
wherever possible have marked them on the maps below.
The maps are based on contemporary Ordnance Survey maps,
but the position of some of the building numbers is
Until the last few years, King Street was the main
shopping street in the town. It once contained houses
and workshops, which were superseded by the once popular shops. Today it
is a mere shadow of its former self.
|Simpson Harold J.
ironmonger, 1 King Street.
Appleyard Archibald Philip,
draper, 2 King Street.
Butler George, boot maker, 3
Cartwright Sarah (Mrs.),
fruiterer, 4 King Street.
Winter Frank, boot & shoe
dealer, 5 King Street.
Holt William H. butcher, 6 &
7 King Street.
Bayley Edward, house
furnisher, 8 King Street.
Nelson James & Sons Limited,
butchers, 9 King Street.
Bennett William Arthur,
clothier, 10 King Street.
Withers Thomas, drug stores,
11 King Street.
Rosa Peter, confectioner, 12
Giles Philemon, earthenware
dealer and cab proprietor,
13 King Street.
Hardcastle Brothers, drapers,
14 King Street.
Bayley Ann & Mary (Misses),
15 & 16 King Street.
Morton George Henry, baker &
17 King Street.
Baker J. & Sons Limited, boot
makers, 18 King Street.
Mason William & Company Limited,
provision merchants, 19 King Street.
Martyns Stores Limited,
grocers etc. 20 & 21 King Street.
Burford John, fruiterer, 22
Ashton Arthur, boot repairer,
23 King Street.
Jackson Joseph, haberdasher,
24 King Street.
Fortenam Horace, fishmonger
25 King Street.
Bradshaw William, corn
dealer, 26 King Street.
Hubbard James, shopkeeper, 27
|Marston Mark, confectioner, 28
Foulkes William, Dog & Partridge
public house, 29 King Street.
Stanbury William Walker, draper &
clothier, 31 King Street
Wilkes Christopher, stationer &
printer, 32 King Street.
Davies Joseph, hardware dealer, 33
Labour Exchange (H. E. W. Church,
manager), 34 King Street.
Billingsley Richard, tobacconist, 35
Wood John, White Lion Hotel, 36 King
Broadhead Joseph Bernard, baker &
confectioner, 36 King Street.
Burford John, fruiterer, 36a, King
Peacock Albert F. shopkeeper, 39 King
Lippitt Henry, butcher, 39 King
Green E. (Mrs.), draper, Victoria
House, King Street.
Baker J. W. & Company Limited,
ironmongers, 39a, King Street.
Hall Robert & Sons, saddlers, 39a,
Salisbury A. & C. (Misses), drapers,
39b, King Street.
Hill G. & Company Limited, boot
makers, 40 King Street.
Payne Ernest, hair dresser, 40a King
Maypole Dairy Company Limited, tea
dealers, 41 King Street.
Webb Sidney, undertaker, 41a, King
Brocklehurst Aaron, New inn, 42 King
Wilkins Metz, draper, 43 King Street.
Aston Arthur, Queen's Head public
house, 44 King Street.
Edwards Alfred Gregory, watchmaker,
45 King Street.
Bayley Joseph Thomas, pork butcher,
45a, King Street.
Lewis Joseph, manufacturing
confectioner, 46 King Street.
Stevenson Frederick, milliner, 47
Johnston John George, butcher, 48
Powell George, outfitter, 49 & 50
Done John, shopkeeper, 51 King
Thornburn John, boot & shoe dealer, 53
Day John, greengrocer, 54 King
Home & Colonial Stores Limited.
(The), tea dealers, 55 King Street.
Nash William John, draper, 56 King
Showells Brewery Company Limited,
Waggon & Horses public house, 57 King
MacMillan Donald, draper, 58 King
Farmer Daniel, news agent and
stationer, 59 King Street.
An advert from 1921.
chemists, 1 Church Street.
Hickton Frederick, grocer, 2
Lloyds Bank Limited, 2a
Woodall Albert, tobacconist,
3 Church Street.
Bishop Charles & Son, draper
& hosiers, 4 & 5 Church Street.
Read D. H. butcher, 6 Church
Conservative Club (Ernest D.
Wright, hon. sec.), 7 Church Street.
Lawton R. H. printer, 8
Haynes William Job, butcher,
9 Church Street.
Smith & Baxter, bakers, 10
Ash Arthur, butcher, 11
Foster Charles, general
dealer, 12 Church Street.
Smith Robert, picture frame
maker, Church Street.
Woodhouse W. saddler, Church
Midland Electric Corporation for
Power Distribution Limited,
Woodhouse William & Sons,
saddlers, 18 Church Street.
Brazier Albert, fancy draper,
19 Church Street.
Edwards Sarah (Mrs.),
shopkeeper, 20 Church Street.
Bennett Kate & Edith Mary
(Misses), pawnbrokers, 21 & 22
Hingley Thomas, George Inn,
23 Church Street.
Pinner A. 24 Church Street.
|Wilkes Annie (Miss), registrar of
births & deaths & vaccination officer for
Darlaston & sub-district, 25 Church Street.
Wilkes Cuthbert T. deputy registrar
of births & deaths for Darlaston, Walsall
Union, 25 Church Street.
Registrar of Births & Deaths &
Vaccination Officer, Darlaston
sub-district, Walsall District, Miss Anne
Wilkes, 25 Church Street.
Price Martha (Mrs.), shopkeeper, 26
Jowett William, greengrocer, 27
Hall Annie (Mrs.), butcher, 28 Church
Robinson J. A. manager of Lloyds Bank
Limited & treasurer to the Urban District
Council, 28 Church Street.
Jackson G. draper, 29 Church Street.
Kingston Horace, butcher, 30 Church
Hedges H. chemist, 31 Church Street.
Bentley William, boot maker, 32 Church
Purvis E. A. grocer, 33 Church
Parker John, hairdresser, 35 Church
Duncombe John, hairdresser, 36 Church
Duncombe Mary (Mrs.), draper, 37
Plimmer G. 40 Church Street.
Sunderland E. general dealer, 41
Necheil, A. H. 43 Church Street.
Pritchard James & Son, brewers,
Darlaston brewery, Church Street, and the Bell
hotel, 48 & 49 Church Street.
Green George, maltster, 50 Church
Green Thomas Marshall, solicitor, 50
Baggott W. G. 52 Church Street.
Baggott William Winsper, shopkeeper,
53 Church Street.
Hodgson Walter, watch maker, 54
Green Dragon, 55 Church Street.
Tanner Caroline (Miss), draper, 56
Simkin Joseph, confectioner, 58
West John, dining rooms, 59 Church
Hughes C. T. 60 Church Street.
Blackham George, wholesale and retail
grocer, 61 and 62 Church Street.
Price Amos, confectioner, 63 Church
Pelham Steam Laundry Limited, 64
Guest John, shopkeeper, 65 Church
Hitch William, poulterer, 66 Church
Wilkes Charles, Red Lion public
house, 67 Church Street.
Juggins Elizabeth (Mrs.),
tobacconist, 67a Church Street.
Platt G. boot and shoe maker, 68 Church
|Ray F. hairdresser, 1 High
Freeth C. and Freeth W. fruiterer,
2 High Street.
Mason George J. provision dealer, 3
Lowe Titus, butcher, 4 High Street.
Parker Hannah (Mrs.), beer retailer,
Rose & Crown, 5 High Street.
Salvation Army Hall, High Street.
Richardson Thomas, boot maker &
shopkeeper, 8 High Street.
Foster Emma (Mrs.), earthenware
dealer, 9 High Street.
Stevens John, greengrocer, 10 High
J. Baker, antiques, 11 High Street.
Barber Joseph, draper, 12 High
Harper William, shopkeeper, 16 High
Butler M. H. 18 High Street.
Clifford Frances (Miss), pawnbroker,
20 and 21 High Street.
Butler & Son, screw & bolt
manufacturers, 22 High Street.
Martin F. dressmaker, 26 High Street.
Fildes Leo, Dartmouth Arms public
house, 28 and 29 High Street.
Wood Thomas, pawnbroker, 31 & 32 High
Jacobs J. H. 35 High Street.
Brown G. grocer and general dealer,
36 High Street.
Ward A. J. Seven Stars Inn, 37 High
Foster John, shopkeeper, 45 High
Butler William, tobacconist, 46 High
McNulty Andrew, shopkeeper, 53 High
Welch Frances Amelia (Miss),
milliner, 59 High Street.
Brown William Henry, paperhanger &
decorator, 60 High Street.
Johnson Edwin, beer retailer, Bulls
Head Inn, 61 High Street.
Babes J. antique dealer, 62 High
Grainger Henry Benjamin, fishmonger,
63 High Street.
Dudley N. fried fish saloon, 64 High
Freeth Charles, wardrobe dealer 65 &
66 High Street, and greengrocer 69 High
Phillips Benjamin, hairdresser, 67
Lowe Titus, butcher, 68 High Street.
|Hobson Alfred, ironmonger, 1
Howl John, tobacconist, 1a, Pinfold
Dumbleton Mary (Miss), coffee house,
2 Pinfold Street.
Sheargold Harry, beer retailer, 3
Cotterell Thomas, tobacconist, 4
Mason John, newsagent, & parcels agent
for the L.&N.W. Railway, 5 Pinfold Street.
Phipps Joseph, baker & confectioner,
6 Pinfold Street.
Ball Thomas, tobacconist & hair
dresser, 7a, Pinfold Street.
Morgan William, decorator, 8 Pinfold
Darlaston Permanent Money Society (S.
Duffield, sec.), Pinfold Chambers, 8 Pinfold
Singer Sewing Machine Company Limited,
9 Pinfold Street.
Brown Arthur Richard, general dealer,
10 Pinfold Street.
Fletcher Samuel, greengrocer, 12
Aston John, photographer, 13 Pinfold
Rose Mary (Mrs.), shopkeeper, 14
Whiting Arthur, fried fish dealer, 15
Lees Caroline (Mrs.), ladies'
outfitter, 16 Pinfold Street.
Thurston Eliza (Mrs.), butcher, 17
Newton Thomas, beer retailer, 20
Clay John Garratt, grocer & provision
dealer, 21 Pinfold Street.
Winn William, pawnbroker, 22 Pinfold
Bruerton Enoch, relieving officer,
Darlaston district, Walsall Union, 24
Relieving Officer, Darlaston
District, Walsall Union, Enoch Bruerton, 24
Smith George, tailor, 24a, Pinfold
Customs & Excise Officers, Nicholas
Millar, 24a Pinfold Street, & Lawrence
Morton, 24a Pinfold Street.
Millar Nicholas, customs & excise
officer, 24a Pinfold Street.
Morton Lawrence, customs & excise
officer, 24a Pinfold Street.
Lewis Norman Henry, pianoforte tuner,
29 Pinfold Street.
Askey Thomas, house furnisher & cabinet
maker, 30 Pinfold Street.
Booth Emma (Miss), shopkeeper, 35
Plumb Robert Charles, shoeing & general
smith, 36 Pinfold Street.
Alien George Herbert, butcher, 37
Jackson Edward John, shopkeeper, 40a,
Phillips William, shopkeeper, 41
Turner William, fried fish dealer, 43
Purcell John, shopkeeper, 47 Pinfold
Davies Harry, shopkeeper, 48 Pinfold
Baggott Elizabeth (Mrs.), grocer, 49
Baker Mary Alice (Mrs.), butcher, 51
Bedworth Samuel, Noah's Ark public
house, 55 Pinfold Street.
Howell Thomas, boot maker, 56 Pinfold
Hallden George, boot maker, 57
Greatrix Mary Ann (Mrs.),
confectioner, 57a, Pinfold Street.
Ensell George, fishmonger, 59 Pinfold
Foster Alfred, baker and grocer, 60
Williams Herbert, beer retailer, 65
Foster Thomas, gunlock filer &
cow keeper, 71 Pinfold Street.
Brookes John (Mrs.), wardrobe dealer,
74 Pinfold Street.
Partridge Sarah (Mrs.), greengrocer,
75 Pinfold Street.
Foster Joseph, shopkeeper, 79 Pinfold
Gittings Susannah (Mrs.), shopkeeper,
86 Pinfold Street.
Garratt Edward, leather seller and
grindery dealer, 87 Pinfold Street.
Foster Samuel Junior, musical
instrument dealer, 88 Pinfold Street.
Keay Elizabeth (Miss), fried fish
dealer, 89 Pinfold Street.
Morris Eli, hairdresser, 90 Pinfold
Smith Arthur, Old Castle public house,
92 Pinfold Street.
Jones D. & W. corn chandlers, 93 Pinfold
Provident Clothing & Supply Company
Limited, clothiers, 93a Pinfold
Orton Thomas, butcher, 94 Pinfold
The eastern end of Pinfold Street.
The western end of Pinfold Street.
An advert from 1922.
Pinfold Street in about 1900. From an