It was originally known as the Birmingham, Wolverhampton & Stour Valley
Railway, its construction was authorised by an Act of Parliament passed on
3rd August 1846. The capital was equally divided between four sources; the
company itself, the Shrewsbury & Birmingham Railway, the Birmingham Canal
Company, and local interests. The line was to start at New Street
was initially known as Navigation Street station until its name changed in
timetables in November 1852. The route was to run from the London &
Birmingham line at New Street station to Bushbury where it would join the
Junction Railway. There would also be a short branch to Dudley from Dudley
There were seven intermediate stations; Smethwick, Spon Lane, Oldbury &
Bromford Lane, Dudley Port, Tipton, Deepfields & Coseley, and Ettingshall
& Bilston. The route was called the Stour Valley Line because of a projected
from Smethwick through the valley to Stourbridge, which never happened.
from the beginning the London & North Western Railway wanted to gain control
of the line, which after all ran from their station at Birmingham to the old
Junction line which was also in their possession. It strengthened its
control in three
||It took over the Birmingham Canal Company.
||It leased the line under the terms of an Act
passed on 1st July 1847 which would prevent the Shrewsbury &
Birmingham from using the line if they joined the Great Western Railway, who
were intense rivals of the London & North Western.
||By making the Wolverhampton General station
(High Level) and the section to Bushbury joint property with the
Shrewsbury & Birmingham in an Act of 9th July 1847, which also gave the
Shrewsbury & Birmingham running powers over the Stour Valley Line.
Having secured control of the line they could begin its construction.